People

Below are listed the names and brief biographical details of James Murray and many of his correspondents. The list comprises the authors and addressees of letters included in this pilot edition (marked ‘correspondent’), as well as authors and addressees who are not included in the pilot but whose presence in the archives has been documented by the editors (marked ‘correspondent (no letters in pilot)’). There are also a few individuals for whom no correspondence with Murray exists (or has yet been found), but who are included because of their connection to the OED or to the Murray family (marked ‘non-correspondent’).
Name Sex Role Born Died Nationality Occupation Authorities Note
Edwin Abbott Abbott male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 20 December 1838 Marylebone, Middlesex, England 12 October 1926 Marylebone, Middlesex, England English Headmaster of City of London School (18651889) / Author VIAF / ODNB
William Johnston Anderson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 10 June 1830 Arbroath, Angus, Scotland 1900 Arbroath, Angus, Scotland Scottish Insurance agent
Sir William Reynell Anson, 3rd Baronet male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 14 November 1843 Walberton, Sussex, England 4 June 1914 Walberton, Sussex, England English Politician / Lawyer / Warden of All Souls College (18811914) VIAF / ODNB
Edward Arber male correspondent 4 December 1836 London, England 23 November 1912 London, England English Professor of English Language and Literature at Mason Science College, Birmingham (18811894) VIAF / ODNB ‘Edited many early modern texts for publication or reprinting. Friend of Murray, whom he supplied with copies of his “English Reprints” series for reading, and with whom he corresponded on many specific points’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 12 September 1852 Morley, Yorkshire, England 15 February 1928 Morley, Yorkshire, England English Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (19081916) VIAF / ODNB
Sir Isaac Bayley Balfour male correspondent 31 March 1853 Edinburgh, Scotland 30 November 1922 Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish Botanist VIAF / ODNB
Charles Godfrey Balk male correspondent 30 September 1857 Ipswich, Suffolk, England 3 December 1915 Ipswich, Suffolk, England English Lexicographer Balk was one of Murray’s editorial assistants on the OED from 1885 to 1913.
Elsie Mayflower Ruthven Murray Barling female non-correspondent 1882 Mill Hill, London, England 1952 Mill Hill, London, England English Lexicographer Elsie Murray was the eighth child of James and Ada Murray. She worked as an editorial assistant on the OED from 1899 to 1920, when she emigrated to South Africa.
Katharine Lee Bates female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 12 August 1859 Falmouth, Massachusetts, United States of America 28 March 1929 Falmouth, Massachusetts, United States of America American Author / Literary scholar VIAF / ANB
Beatrice Batty female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1833 London, England 30 April 1933 London, England English Editor / Novelist VIAF
Alexander Beazeley male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 6 August 1830 Brighton, Sussex, England 1 December 1905 Brighton, Sussex, England English Civil engineer VIAF
Henry Charles Beeching male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 15 May 1859 London, England 25 February 1919 London, England English Author / Dean of Norwich VIAF / ODNB
Alexander Graham Bell male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 3 March 1847 Edinburgh, Scotland 2 August 1922 Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish Inventor of the telephone / Teacher VIAF / ODNB
Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 14 July 1868 Washington Hall, Durham, England 12 July 1926 Washington Hall, Durham, England English Archaeologist / Diplomat / Travel writer VIAF / ODNB
Sir Thomas Hugh Bell, 2nd Baronet male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 10 February 1844 Newcastle upon Tyne, England 29 June 1931 Newcastle upon Tyne, England English Ironmaster / Politician VIAF
Matilda Barbara Betham-Edwards female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 March 1836 Westerfield, Suffolk, England 4 January 1919 Westerfield, Suffolk, England English Novelist / Travel writer VIAF / ODNB
Sir Arthur John Bigge, Baron Stamfordham male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 18 June 1849 Linden Hall, Northumberland, England 31 March 1931 Linden Hall, Northumberland, England English Courtier VIAF / ODNB
Adam William Black male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 20 February 1784 Edinburgh, Scotland 24 January 1874 Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish Politician / Publisher
John Stuart Blackie male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 28 July 1809 Glasgow, Scotland 2 March 1895 Glasgow, Scotland Scottish Classicist / Scottish Gaelic scholar VIAF / ODNB
Louis Lucien Bonaparte male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 January 1813 Grimley, Worcestershire, England 3 November 1891 Grimley, Worcestershire, England French Philologist VIAF / ODNB
John Frederick Boyes male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 13 December 1896 Antiquarian / wine merchant
Henry Bradley male correspondent 3 December 1845 Manchester, England 23 May 1923 Manchester, England English Philologist / Lexicographer VIAF / ODNB After performing some trial work on the OED in 1885, Bradley was made an editor in 1886. In 1915, he succeeded Murray as the chief editor, a position he held until his death.
Henry Bradshaw male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 2 February 1831 London, England 10 February 1886 London, England English Bibliographer / University Librarian at Cambridge (18671886) VIAF / ODNB
Edward Lyall Brandreth male correspondent 4 February 1823 Liverpool, Lancashire, England 10 December 1907 Liverpool, Lancashire, England English Civil servant / Asian scholar ‘Barrister. Joined the Philological Society in 1872, and regularly served on its Council. Sub-edited in G, H, K, and N; also read for OED, supplied many quotation desiderata, and assisted for many years by reading proofs and by verifying references at the British Museum’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Robert Seymour Bridges male correspondent 23 October 1844 Walmer, Kent, England 21 April 1930 Walmer, Kent, England English Poet / Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom (19131930) VIAF / ODNB Bridges lived at Yattendon, a village near Newbury, Berkshire, from 1882 to 1907, when he moved to Boars Hill in Oxford. Trained in medicine, he ceased to practise as a doctor after contracting pneumonia in 1881, thereafter devoting his life to literary pursuits. Dates of his letters to Murray so far identified span 19071912. Bridges was a close friend of Henry Bradley, whose Collected Papers he published in 1928 (after Bradley’s death in 1923) together with a memoir. Alongside Bradley, Walter Raleigh (18611922; first holder of the Chair of English Literature at Oxford), and Logan Pearsall Smith (18651946), Bridges was associated with the creation of the Society of Pure English in 1913.
James Britten male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 3 May 1846 London, England 8 October 1924 London, England English Botanist VIAF / ODNB
James Bryce, Viscount Bryce male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 10 May 1838 Belfast, Northern Ireland 22 January 1922 Belfast, Northern Ireland Northern Irish Jurist / Historian / Politician VIAF / ODNB
Mary Hyde Buckingham female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 27 January 1862 Massachusetts, United States of America 14 February 1949 Massachusetts, United States of America American classics teacher
Ingram Bywater male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 27 June 1840 London, England 18 December 1914 London, England English Classicist VIAF / ODNB
A. Caland male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1854/1855 1910 Dutch English teacher
Lewis Campbell male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 3 September 1830 Edinburgh, Scotland 25 October 1908 Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish Classicist VIAF / ODNB
Thomas Kelly Cheyne male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 18 September 1841 London, England 16 February 1915 London, England English Theologian VIAF / ODNB
Alonzo Church male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1870 21 February 1937 American Civil servant
James Toshach Clark male correspondent (no letters in pilot) Keeper of the Advocates’ Library (18771906)
Herbert Coleridge male non-correspondent 7 October 1830 London, England 23 April 1861 London, England English Editor / Philologist VIAF / ODNB The grandson of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and a member of the London Philological Society, Herbert Coleridge was appointed the first editor of the Society’s dictionary (what would become the OED) in 1859. He died in the preliminary stages of the work.
Pieter Jacob Cosijn male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 29 November 1840 Rijswijk, Netherlands 26 August 1899 Rijswijk, Netherlands Dutch Lexicographer / Philologist
Ethelwyn Edith Agnes Ruthven Murray Cousins female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1878 Mill Hill, London, England 1945 Mill Hill, London, England English Ethelwyn Cousins was the sixth child of James and Ada Murray.
Sir William Alexander Craigie male correspondent 13 August 1867 Dundee, Angus, Scotland 2 September 1957 Dundee, Angus, Scotland Scottish Philologist / Lexicographer VIAF / ODNB After beginning work as an editorial assistant to Bradley in 1897, Craigie was made an editor of the OED in 1901. In 1923, he succeeded Bradley as the chief editor, a position he held until the publication of the first Supplement in 1933.
Robert William Chapman male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 5 October 1881 Eskbank, Midlothian, Scotland 20 April 1960 Eskbank, Midlothian, Scotland Scottish Literary scholar / Assistant Secretary to the Delegates of Oxford University Press (1906–1920) / Secretary to the Delegates of Oxford University Press (1920–1942) VIAF / ODNB
William John Eden Crane male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1832/1833 1910 Technical writer
Thomas Dent male correspondent (no letters in pilot) Teacher
Albert Venn Dicey male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 February 1835 Claybrooke Hall, Leicestershire, England 7 April 1922 Claybrooke Hall, Leicestershire, England English Jurist VIAF / ODNB
Effie Dickson female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 29 March 1846 Galashiels, Selkirkshire, Scotland 16 May 1929 Galashiels, Selkirkshire, Scotland Scottish Poet
James Dixon male correspondent 12 December 1813 London, England 3 January 1896 London, England English Ophthalmic surgeon VIAF Author of Diseases of the Eye (1855). In 1870, because of his wife’s illness, he gave up his London practice and retired to Dorking, Surrey, taking up literary and historical interests. Contributed quotations to OED, including many desiderata’, and gave considerable help with the history of medical terms (Gilliver 2000–).
Charles Edward Doble male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 5 March 1847 Peckham, Surrey, England 22 September 1914 Peckham, Surrey, England English Assistant Secretary to the Delegates of Oxford University Press (18791909) VIAF
Edward Spencer Dodgson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 18 November 1857 Woodford, Essex, England 9 October 1922 Woodford, Essex, England English Basque philologist VIAF
Henry Austin Dodson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 8 January 1840 Plymouth, Devon, England 2 September 1921 Plymouth, Devon, England English Essayist / Poet
Stephen Troyte Dunn male correspondent 26 August 1868 Bristol, England 18 April 1938 Bristol, England English Botanist / Private Secretary to William Turner Thiselton-Dyer (18981901) VIAF
George EliotMary Anne Evans Lewes female correspondent 22 November 1819 22 December 1880 English Novelist / Poet VIAF / ODNB
William Hugh Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 3rd Earl of Minto male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 19 March 1814 17 March 1891 English Politician
Richard Thomas Elliott male correspondent 28 September 1863 Camberwell, Surrey, England 5 August 1926 Camberwell, Surrey, England English Classicist VIAF
Alexander John Ellis male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 14 June 1814 Hoxton, Middlesex, England 28 October 1890 Hoxton, Middlesex, England English Mathematician / Philologist VIAF / ODNB
Robinson Ellis male correspondent 5 September 1834 Barming, Kent, England 9 October 1913 Barming, Kent, England English Classicist VIAF / ODNB ‘Classical scholar, perhaps best known for his edition of Catullus. Close friend of Murray, whom he often accompanied on holidays abroad; regularly consulted for advice on particular words; also read for OED’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Frederick Thomas Elworthy male correspondent 10 January 1830 Wellington, Somerset, England 13 December 1907 Wellington, Somerset, England English Philologist / Antiquarian VIAF / ODNB ‘Wrote extensively on Somerset and Devon, including The West Somerset Word-Book (1886). Close friend of Murray. He and his family read for OED (credited between them with 12,900 quotations in 1884), and sub-edited part of D’ (Gilliver 2000–).
John Stephen Farmer male correspondent 7 March 1854 Bedford, Bedfordshire, England 18 January 1916 Bedford, Bedfordshire, England English Author / slang lexicographer / Spiritualist VIAF
Joseph Thomas Fowler male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 9 June 1833 Winterton, Lincolnshire, England 22 March 1924 Winterton, Lincolnshire, England English Surgeon / clergyman / Antiquarian VIAF
Edward Augustus Freeman male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 2 August 1823 Harborne, Staffordshire, England 16 March 1892 Harborne, Staffordshire, England English Historian VIAF / ODNB
John Charles Freeman male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 14 February 1842 Lisle, New York, United States of America 10 April 1911 Lisle, New York, United States of America American Literary scholar VIAF
Frederick Cornish Frost male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1855 Torquay, Devon, England 14 May 1914 Torquay, Devon, England English Antiquarian / Auctioneer
Henry Frowde male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 8 February 1841 Southsea, Hampshire, England 3 March 1927 Southsea, Hampshire, England English Publisher to the University of Oxford (18831913) VIAF / ODNB
Frederick James Furnivall male correspondent 4 February 1825 Egham, Surrey, England 2 July 1910 Egham, Surrey, England English Editor / Philologist VIAF / ODNB A prominent member of the London Philological Society, Furnivall was appointed the editor of what would become the OED after the death of Herbert Coleridge in 1861. He carried no part of the dictionary through to publication and was succeeded by Murray in 1879. He ‘remained actively involved with the Dictionary until his death, as an advocate of the project, as a constant source of advice, by research in the British Museum, and as a tireless contributor of quotations (already credited with “about 30,000” in 1888), including a great many taken from his ordinary daily reading of newspapers and magazines’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Sir William Tennant Gairdner male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 8 November 1824 Edinburgh, Scotland 28 June 1907 Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish Pathologist / Physician VIAF / ODNB
Philip Lyttelton Gell male correspondent 29 April 1852 London, England 29 May 1926 London, England English Businessman / Secretary to the Delegates of Oxford University Press (1884–1898) VIAF As Secretary, Gell ‘appointed Henry Bradley to assist Murray; constantly sought to improve the rate of production’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Henry Hucks Gibbs, 1st Baron Aldenham male correspondent 31 August 1819 London, England 13 September 1907 London, England English Banker / Businessman VIAF / ODNB ‘Joined the Philological Society in 1859, and remained closely involved with OED for the rest of his life; became a close friend of Murray, whom he advised and helped in respect of both editorial and practical aspects of the work. Reader for OED; sub-edited in C, K, and Q’ and collaborated in his cousin Charlotte Yonge’s sub-editing part of N; ‘read and annotated the proofs of the first fascicle, and continued to help in this way for many years; consulted as an authority on financial terms. Also edited texts for the EETS and other societies’ (Gilliver 2000–).
J. Gibbs male correspondent (no letters in pilot)
Henry Neville Gladstone, 1st Baron Gladstone of Hawarden male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 2 April 1852 London, England 28 April 1935 London, England English Businessman ODNB
Herbert John Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 7 January 1854 London, England 6 March 1930 London, England English Home Secretary of the United Kingdom (19051910) / Governor-General of the Union of South Africa (19101914) VIAF / ODNB
William Ewart Gladstone male correspondent 29 December 1809 Liverpool, Lancashire, England 19 May 1898 Liverpool, Lancashire, England English Author / Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (18681874, 18801885, 1886, 18921894) VIAF / ODNB Gladstone seems first to have met Murray when presenting prizes at Mill Hill School in the summer of 1880 at the start of his second term of office as Prime Minister. He ‘often stayed with the Earl of Aberdeen in the village and made a habit of dropping in to Murray’s workroom, prior to the family’s removal to Oxford, bringing other guests with him, to see how the work was progressing—expressing the “sorrowful conviction” that he would never see the completion of the work’ (Murray 1977: 186–187, quoting ‘Curiosus’ 1880: 263).
Alfred Denis Godley male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 22 January 1856 Ashfield, Cavan, Ireland 27 June 1925 Ashfield, Cavan, Ireland Irish Classicist / Author VIAF / ODNB
John Arthur Godley, 1st Baron Kilbracken male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 17 June 1847 London, England 27 June 1932 London, England English Civil servant VIAF / ODNB
Richard William Goulding male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1868 Louth, Lincolnshire, England 1929 Louth, Lincolnshire, England English Librarian / local historian VIAF
Walter Gregor male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 23 October 1825 Keith, Banffshire, Scotland 4 February 1897 Keith, Banffshire, Scotland Scottish clergyman / Editor / Folklorist VIAF / ODNB
Elizabeth Grey female correspondent (no letters in pilot)
Edward Everett Hale male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 3 April 1822 Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America 10 June 1909 Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America American Author / clergyman / Historian VIAF / ANB
Fitzedward Hall male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 21 March 1825 Troy, New York, United States of America 1 February 1901 Troy, New York, United States of America American Asian scholar / Philologist VIAF / ODNB
J. Hamilton male correspondent
James Hammond male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 10 October 1850 Whitchurch-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England 29 August 1930 Whitchurch-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England English Mathematician
John Hancock male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 24 February 1808 Newcastle upon Tyne, England 11 October 1890 Newcastle upon Tyne, England English Naturalist
Heywood Hardy male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 25 November 1842 Chichester, Sussex, England 20 January 1933 Chichester, Sussex, England English Painter VIAF
Thomas Hardy male correspondent 2 June 1840 Higher Bockhampton, Dorset, England 11 January 1928 Higher Bockhampton, Dorset, England English Novelist / Poet VIAF / ODNB
Harold Harley male correspondent (no letters in pilot) Teacher
Horace Henry Hart male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 23 March 1840 Sudbury, Suffolk, England 9 October 1916 Sudbury, Suffolk, England English Controller of the Oxford University Press (18831915) VIAF / ODNB
Edith Margaret Hastings female correspondent 1851 21 April 1941 British Headmistress of Wimbledon High School (18801908) / School inspector Hastings was the first Headmistress of Wimbledon High School (set up by the Girls’ Public Day School Company in 1880). She had moved to the school (aged 29) from a previous headship at Nottingham High School and left to become an Inspector of Secondary Schools.
Hartwig Richard Helwich male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 9 December 1844 Königgrätz, Austria 1900 Königgrätz, Austria Austrian Philologist
William Ernest Henley male correspondent 23 August 1849 Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England 11 July 1903 Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England English Author / slang lexicographer VIAF / ODNB
Sidney John Hervon Herrtage male non-correspondent 19 February 1845 October 1893 Irish Lexicographer / Philologist Herrtage ‘edited several texts for the EETS, including the late 15th-century glossary Catholicon Anglicum (published 1881), and for the English Dialect Society. Reader for OED; appointed by Murray as his first assistant in the Scriptorium in 1879, but was dismissed in 1882’ for the theft of reference books and the misappropriation of OED materials to work on another project, Cassell’s Encyclopædic Dictionary (18791888) (Gilliver 2000–).
Andrew John Herbertson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 11 October 1865 Galashiels, Selkirkshire, Scotland 15 July 1915 Galashiels, Selkirkshire, Scotland Scottish Geographer VIAF / ODNB
George Birkbeck Norman Hill male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 7 June 1835 Tottenham, Middlesex, England 24 February 1903 Tottenham, Middlesex, England English Author / Editor VIAF / ODNB
Wallace Henry Hills male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1863 Chiddingly, Sussex, England 5 January 1932 Chiddingly, Sussex, England Journalist / local historian
Louise Manning Hodgkins female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 5 August 1846 Ipswich, Massachusetts, United States of America 28 November 1935 Ipswich, Massachusetts, United States of America Literary scholar
Fenton John Anthony Hort male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 23 April 1828 Dublin, Ireland 30 November 1892 Dublin, Ireland Irish Theologian VIAF / ODNB
Jennett Humphreys female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 17 April 1829 Cricklewood, Middlesex, England 6 February 1917 Cricklewood, Middlesex, England English Biographer / children’s author / Poet VIAF
Sir Thomas Hunter male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 9 June 1850 Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland 25 August 1919 Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland Scottish Judge / Town Clerk of Edinburgh (18951918)
Richard Holt Hutton male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 2 June 1826 Leeds, Yorkshire, England 9 September 1897 Leeds, Yorkshire, England English Journalist / Theologian VIAF / ODNB
Georgina Frederica Jackson female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 31 March 1824 Liverpool, Lancashire, England 16 October 1895 Liverpool, Lancashire, England English Dialectologist
William Wilberforce Jenkinson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1843 26 December 1928 English Auctioneer / Land agent
Henry Jenner male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 8 August 1848 St Columb Major, Cornwall 8 May 1934 St Columb Major, Cornwall English Celtic scholar VIAF / ODNB
Charles Stanger Jerram male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 17 February 1838 Torquay, Devon, England 19 April 1914 Torquay, Devon, England English Classicist / Editor VIAF
Jones Daniel male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 12 September 1881 London, England 4 December 1967 London, England English Phonetician VIAF / ODNB
Benjamin Jowett male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 15 April 1817 Camberwell, Surrey, England 1 October 1893 Camberwell, Surrey, England English Delegate of Oxford University Press (18821886) / Master of Balliol College (18701893) / Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford (18821886) VIAF / ODNB
Thomas Henry Kingerlee male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 26 January 1843 Banbury, Oxfordshire, England 22 December 1928 Banbury, Oxfordshire, England English Builder / Mayor of Oxford (18981899, 19111912)
Andrew Lang male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 31 March 1844 Selkirk, Selkirkshire, Scotland 20 July 1912 Selkirk, Selkirkshire, Scotland Scottish Classicist / Folklorist / Historian VIAF / ODNB
Walter Leaf male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 26 November 1852 Norwood, Surrey, England 8 March 1927 Norwood, Surrey, England English Banker / Classicist VIAF / ODNB
James Crawford Ledlie male correspondent (no letters in pilot) April 1860 1928 Irish Jurist / Civil servant VIAF
Sir Frederick William Leith-Ross male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 February 1887 Saint Pierre, Mauritius 22 August 1968 Saint Pierre, Mauritius Scottish Civil servant / Economist VIAF
Major John Henry Leslie male correspondent (no letters in pilot) April 1858 London, England 8 January 1943 London, England Scottish Army officer / Military historian VIAF
Granville George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 11 May 1815 London, England 31 March 1891 London, England English Politician VIAF / ODNB
Otto Theodor Leyde male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1835 Wehlau, Prussia 31 March 1891 Wehlau, Prussia Prussian Painter
Henry George Liddell male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 6 February 1811 Binchester, County Durham, England 18 January 1898 Binchester, County Durham, England English Greek–English lexicographer / Dean of Christ Church (18551891) VIAF / ODNB
John Mason Lightwood male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 6 July 1852 Kings Norton, Worcestershire, England 4 April 1947 Kings Norton, Worcestershire, England English Lawyer / Teacher VIAF / ODNB
Gwyneth Nesta Lilian Ruthven Murray Logan female non-correspondent 1888 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England English Teacher Gwyneth Logan was the eleventh child of James and Ada Murray. She graduated from Girton College, Cambridge in 1912 with a First in Mathematics and Physics.
James Russell Lowell male correspondent 22 February 1819 Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America 12 August 1891 Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America American Diplomat / Poet / Chair of Belles Lettres at Harvard University (18561877) VIAF / ANB
Henry Richard Luard male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 17 August 1825 London, England 1 May 1891 London, England English clergyman / University administrator VIAF / ODNB
George Campbell Macaulay male correspondent (no letters in pilot) (6 August 1852 Hodnet, Shropshire, England 6 July 1915 Hodnet, Shropshire, England English Classicist VIAF
Norman MacColl male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 31 August 1843 Edinburgh, Scotland 16 December 1904 Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish Editor / Hispanist VIAF
Falconer Madan male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 15 April 1851 Cam, Gloucestershire, England 22 May 1935 Cam, Gloucestershire, England English Bibliographer / Bodley’s Librarian (19121919) VIAF / ODNB
Frederic William Maitland male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 28 May 1850 London, England 20 December 1906 London, England English legal historian VIAF / ODNB
Francis Andrew March male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 25 October 1825 Millbury, Massachusetts, United States of America 9 September 1911 Millbury, Massachusetts, United States of America American Historian / philologist VIAF
Sir Clements Robert Markham male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 20 July 1830 Stillingfleet, Yorkshire, England 30 January 1916 Stillingfleet, Yorkshire, England English Geographer VIAF / ODNB
Jenny Julia Eleanor Marx female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 16 January 1855 London, England 31 March 1898 London, England German / English Author / socialist activist VIAF / ODNB
Leonard Mayall male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1865 Mossley, Lancashire, England English Cotton-spinner
Anthony Lawson Mayhew male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1842 1916 English Philologist / Chaplain VIAF
Alfred James McFarlane male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 20 June 1870 Lifou, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia 5 May 1957 Lifou, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia Scottish Missionary
I. McLeod female correspondent (no letters in pilot) Teacher
Sir Roderick Sinclair Meiklejohn male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 30 May 1876 18 January 1962 English Secretary to Herbert Henry Asqutih
Marie-Paul-Hyacinthe Paul Meyer male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 17 January 1840 Paris, France 8 September 1917 Paris, France French Chair of Southern European Language and Literature at the Collège de France (18761906) / Director of the École nationale des chartes (18821916) VIAF
Annabella Milne female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1842? 1936? Scottish
Dr Moffat
Harriet Moore female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 29 April 1806 Derby, Derbyshire, England 30 August 1887 Derby, Derbyshire, England English
Lieutenant-Colonel William Edward Moss male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1875 14 February 1953 English Book collector VIAF
Alfred William Mudge male correspondent (no letters in pilot) c. 1833 29 August 1921 British Painter VIAF
Friedrich Max Müller male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 6 December 1823 Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau, Germany 28 October 1900 Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau, Germany German Philologist VIAF / ODNB
Ada Agnes Ruthven Murray female correspondent 12 October 1845 Kendal, Westmorland, England 28 February 1936 Kendal, Westmorland, England English In addition to managing the family home, Ada Murray assisted her husband James Murray in his work on the OED and kept his papers, accounts and letters.
Charles Oliver Murray male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1842 Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland 11 December 1923 Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland Scottish Painter Charles Murray was the youngest brother of James Murray.
George Gilbert Aimé Murray male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 2 January 1866 Sydney, Australia 20 May 1957 Sydney, Australia Australian Classicist VIAF / ODNB
Harold James Ruthven Murray male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 24 June 1868 Peckham, Surrey, England 16 May 1955 Peckham, Surrey, England English School inspector VIAF Harold Murray was the eldest child of James and Ada Murray.
Hilda Mary Emily Ada Ruthven Murray female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 17 November 1875 Mill Hill, London, England 23 August 1951 Mill Hill, London, England English Vice-Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge (19241936) / Literary scholar / Philologist VIAF / ODNB Hilda Murray was the fifth child of James and Ada Murray. She worked as one of her father’s editorial assistants on the OED between 1896 and 1899. She went on to become Director of Studies in Medieval and Modern Languages then English at Girton College from 1915 to 1936, and after serving as Vice-Mistress became a Life Fellow in 1942.
Sir James Augustus Henry Murray male correspondent 7 February 1837 Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland 26 July 1915 Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland Scottish Philologist / Lexicographer VIAF / ODNB Murray served as the chief editor of the OED from 1879 until his death.
Katherine Maud Elisabeth Murray female non-correspondent 3 December 1909 6 February 1998 English Biographer / Headmistress of Bishop Otter College (19481970) / University administrator ODNB Elisabeth Murray was appointed Assistant Tutor and Registrar at Girton College in 1938, then Domestic Bursar and finally Junior Bursar in 19421948, before moving to become Principal of Bishop Otter College in Chichester (a teacher training institution for women) where she remained till retirement in 1970.
Madeline Murray female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1901 Cape Town, Cape Colony 1972 Cape Town, Cape Colony English Madeline Murray was the daughter of Phoebe and Wilfrid Murray.
Sir Oswyn Alexander Ruthven Murray male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 17 August 1873 Mill Hill, London, England 10 July 1936 Mill Hill, London, England English Civil servant ODNB Oswyn Murray was the fourth child of James and Ada Murray.
Phoebe Henrietta Woodhead Murray female correspondent (no letters in pilot) English Member of the South African Women’s Auxiliary Service Phoebe Murray was the wife of Wilfrid Murray.
Rosfrith Ada Nina Ruthven Murray female non-correspondent 5 February 1884 Mill Hill, London, England 20 May 1973 Mill Hill, London, England English Lexicographer Rosfrith Murray was the ninth child of James and Ada Murray. She worked as an editorial assistant on the OED from 1902 to 1929.
Wilfrid George Ruthven Murray male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 20 October 1871 Mill Hill, London, England 1964 Mill Hill, London, England English Wilfrid Murray was the husband of Phoebe Murray and the third child of James and Ada Murray.
Arthur Sampson Napier male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 30 August 1853 Bollin Fee, Wilmslow, Cheshire, England 10 May 1916 Bollin Fee, Wilmslow, Cheshire, England English Philologist VIAF / ODNB
Henry Nicol male correspondent (no letters in pilot) c. 1845 30 January 1881 English Philologist
Jane Rutherford Oliver female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 20 February 1839 Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland 26 December 1914 Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland Scottish local historian
Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 12 January 1860 Muzaffarpur, North-Western Provinces, India 23 June 1946 Muzaffarpur, North-Western Provinces, India English Historian VIAF / ODNB
Charles Talbut Onions male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 10 September 1873 Birmingham, England 8 January 1965 Birmingham, England English Philologist / Lexicographer VIAF / ODNB Onions worked on the OED as an editorial assistant, first to Murray from 1894, then to Bradley from 1899; he also did piecemeal work for Craigie from 1906. In 1914, he was made an editor, a position he held until the publication of the first Supplement in 1933.
Paul Édouard Passy male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 13 January 1859 Versailles, Yvelines, France 21 March 1940 Versailles, Yvelines, France French Linguist VIAF
William Pengelly male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 12 January 1812 East Looe, Cornwall, England 16 March 1894 East Looe, Cornwall, England English Archaeologist / Geologist VIAF / ODNB
George Alexander Felix Pernet male correspondent 1862 London, England 6 January 1940 London, England English Dermatologist
William Gordon Perrin male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 10 February 1874 12 February 1931 English Admiralty librarian (19081931)
Sir Isaac Pitman male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 January 1813 Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England 22 January 1897 Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England English Inventor of Pitman shorthand / Teacher VIAF / ODNB
Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 10 December 1845 London, England 18 January 1937 London, England English Jurist VIAF / ODNB
James Eyre Poppleton male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1861 Bradford, Yorkshire, England 11 May 1925 Bradford, Yorkshire, England English Antiquarian / Lawyer
Constance Mary Fearon Pott female correspondent 1833 25 May 1915 English Literary scholar VIAF
Cuthbert Young Potts male correspondent 1824/1825 11 May 1909 English Clergyman
Sir Edward Bagnall Poulton male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 27 January 1856 Reading, Berkshire, England 20 November 1943 Reading, Berkshire, England English Zoologist VIAF / ODNB
Sir David Prain male correspondent 11 July 1857 Fettercairn, Kincardineshire, Scotland 16 March 1944 Fettercairn, Kincardineshire, Scotland Scottish Botanist VIAF / ODNB
Bartholomew Price male correspondent 14 May 1818 Coln St Dennis, Gloucestershire, England 29 December 1898 Coln St Dennis, Gloucestershire, England English Mathematician / Master of Pembroke College, Oxford (18921898) / Secretary to the Delegates of Oxford University Press (18681884) VIAF / ODNB As Secretary, Price ‘negotiated the terms of the Press’s agreements with Murray and the Philological Society regarding OED’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Richard Chandler Alexander Prior male correspondent 1809 Corsham, Wiltshire, England 5 December 1902 Corsham, Wiltshire, England English Botanist / Physician VIAF Author of On the Popular Names of British Plants (1863). Also published a collection of translations of Danish ballads (1860) and a book on croquet (1872). Read for OED (credited with 11,700 quotations in 1888), and gave advice on some plant names and botanical terms’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Richard Bissell Prosser male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 25 August 1838 Birmingham, England 18 March 1918 Birmingham, England English Patent examiner / industrial historian VIAF
Robert Purdon male correspondent (no letters in pilot) Scottish Town Clerk of Hawick
Clara Dorothea Rackham female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 3 December 1875 London, England 11 March 1966 London, England English political reformer / Suffragist ODNB
Vincent Burrough Redstone male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1853 Hampshire, England 26 April 1941 Hampshire, England English local historian
Sir John Rhŷs male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 21 June 1840 Ponterwyd, Ceredigion, Wales 17 December 1915 Ponterwyd, Ceredigion, Wales Welsh Celtic scholar / President of Jesus College, Oxford (18951915) VIAF / ODNB
Charles Pierre Henri Rieu male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 8 June 1820 Geneva, Switzerland 19 March 1902 Geneva, Switzerland Swiss Asian scholar VIAF / ODNB
Briton Rivière male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 14 August 1840 London, England 20 April 1920 London, England English Painter VIAF / ODNB
John Robson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1829 Eckford, Roxburghshire, Scotland 1904 Eckford, Roxburghshire, Scotland Scottish
Annie Mary Anne Henley Rogers female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 15 February 1856 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 28 October 1937 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England English campaigner for women’s higher education / Classicist VIAF / ODNB
Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 7 January 1833 London, England 18 December 1915 London, England English VIAF / ODNB
Joseph Benjamin Rundell male correspondent (no letters in pilot) c. 1834 1 April 1889 English Civil servant / Editor / Spelling reformer VIAF
George Augustus Sala male correspondent 24 November 1828 London, England 8 December 1895 London, England English Journalist / Novelist VIAF / ODNB
Philip Lutley Sclater male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 November 1829 Wootton St Lawrence, Hampshire, England 27 June 1913 Wootton St Lawrence, Hampshire, England English Zoologist VIAF / ODNB
Charles Scott male correspondent (no letters in pilot) Lawyer
Frederic Scrutton male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1859 London, England 27 April 1937 London, England English Shipowner
SirThomas Edward Scrutton male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 28 August 1856 London, England 18 August 1934 London, England English Judge / Jurist VIAF / ODNB
Horace Alfred Damer Seymour male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 9 April 1843 Brighton, Sussex, England 25 June 1902 Brighton, Sussex, England English Civil servant
Evelyn Jane Sharp female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 August 1869 London, England 17 June 1955 London, England English children’s author / Suffragist VIAF / ODNB
Eduard Sievers male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 25 November 1850 Lippoldsberg, Hesse, Germany 30 March 1932 Lippoldsberg, Hesse, Germany German Philologist VIAF
Kenneth Sisam male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 2 September 1887 Ōpōtiki, North Island, New Zealand 26 August 1971 Ōpōtiki, North Island, New Zealand New Zealander Philologist / Assistant Secretary to the Delegates of Oxford University Press (1925–1942) / Secretary to the Delegates of Oxford University Press (1942–1948) VIAF / ODNB
Walter William Skeat male correspondent 21 November 1835 London, England 30 October 1912 London, England English Elrington and Bosworth professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Cambridge (1878-1912) VIAF / ODNB ‘Published many important works in English philology, perhaps most notably the Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (1882). Joined the Philological Society in 1863, and took an early interest in OED; sub-edited in R for Furnivall. Founded the English Dialect Society in 1873, through which he encountered Murray and became a close friend and adviser ... by reading books, seeking out quotations, giving etymological advice on particular words, and reading proofs’ (Gilliver 2000–).
Thomas Collins Snow male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 2 February 1852 York, Yorkshire, England 27 October 1926 York, Yorkshire, England English Classicist VIAF
William Johnson Sollas male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 30 May 1849 Birmingham, England 20 October 1936 Birmingham, England English Anthropologist / Geologist VIAF / ODNB
Lucy Helen Muriel Soulsby female correspondent 18 July 1856 London, England 19 May 1927 London, England English Headmistress of Oxford High School (18871897) VIAF / ODNB
Anthony Butler Stark male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 13 July 1832 Robertson County, Tennessee, United States of America 1884 Robertson County, Tennessee, United States of America American President of Logan Female College, Kentucky (18741883)
Robert Louis Stevenson male correspondent 13 November 1850 Edinburgh, Scotland 3 December 1894 Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish Novelist / Poet VIAF / ODNB
Margaret Haig Stuart female correspondent (no letters in pilot) Scottish
Henry Sweet male correspondent 15 September 1845 London, England 30 April 1912 London, England English Philologist / Phonetician VIAF / ODNB
Algernon Charles Swinburne male correspondent 5 April 1837 London, England 10 April 1909 London, England English Literary scholar / Poet VIAF / ODNB
George Frederick Holley Sykes male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1829 3 February 1910 Lexicographer / schoolmaster VIAF Sykes worked on the OED as an editorial assistant, first to Murray from 1885, then to Bradley from 1887 to 1903.
William Sykes male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1851 1906 Physician
James Joseph Sylvester male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 3 September 1814 London, England 15 March 1897 London, England English Mathematician VIAF / ODNB
Henriette Taylor female correspondent (no letters in pilot) Librarian
T. S. L. English
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 6 August 1809 Somersby, Lincolnshire, England 6 October 1892 Somersby, Lincolnshire, England English Poet / Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom (18501892) VIAF / ODNB
Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 11 August 1852 Twickenham, Middlesex, England 2 December 1928 Twickenham, Middlesex, England English Biographer / Governor-general of Australia (19031904) VIAF / ODNB
Sir William Turner Thiselton-Dyer male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 28 July 1843 London, England 23 December 1928 London, England English Botanist / Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (18851905) VIAF / ODNB
Edith Thompson female correspondent 16 May 1848 Greenwich, London, England 26 August 1929 Greenwich, London, England English Historian / Lexicographer VIAF / ODNB ‘Wrote a popular History of England (1873) for schools. Gave advice to OED on historical terms, and sought out quotations for particular words. She and her sister Elizabeth Perronet Thompson (18571930) (who also wrote A Dragoon’s Wife, subtitled ‘a romance of the 17th century’) were readers for OED (credited with 15,000 quotations in 1888), and gave help throughout its period of publication, including sub-editing in C, and reading proofs from D onwards’ (Gilliver 2000–). See ‘Women and the Dictionary, Part I: Assistants and Volunteers’.
Sir Edward Maunde Thompson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 May 1840 Clarendon, Jamaica 14 September 1929 Clarendon, Jamaica English Palaeographer / Librarian VIAF / ODNB
Thomas Perronet Edward Thompson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 4 May 1813 York, Yorkshire, England 25 August 1904 York, Yorkshire, England English Judge / Lawyer
Mary S. Thorpe female correspondent (no letters in pilot)
Hon. Beatrix Lucia Catherine Tollemache female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1840 Cheshire, England 23 December 1926 Cheshire, England English Author / translator from Russian VIAF
Lucy Toulmin Smith female correspondent 21 November 1838 Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America 18 December 1911 Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America American / English Librarian / Literary scholar VIAF / ODNB Accomplished medievalist with expertise in Middle English and Old French. Editor of the Clarendon Press York Mystery Plays, the standard text until the 1980s, and long-standing contributor to OED as well as protegée and friend of Murray. See ‘Women and the Dictionary, Part I: Assistants and Volunteers’.
Paget Jackson Toynbee male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 20 January 1855 Wimbledon, Surrey, England 13 May 1932 Wimbledon, Surrey, England English Dante scholar VIAF / ODNB
Richard Chenevix Trench male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 9 September 1807 Dublin, Ireland 28 March 1886 Dublin, Ireland Irish Archbishop of Dublin (18641884) VIAF / ODNB
Frances Eleanor Trollope female correspondent (no letters in pilot) August 1835 Delaware Bay, United States of America 14 August 1913 Delaware Bay, United States of America English Novelist VIAF
Thomas Adolphus Trollope correspondent (no letters in pilot) 29 April 1810 London, England 11 November 1892 London, England English Historian / Novelist VIAF / ODNB
S. Alice Tucker female correspondent (no letters in pilot) Teacher
Sir Edward Burnett Tylor male correspondent 2 October 1832 Camberwell, Surrey, England 2 January 1917 Camberwell, Surrey, England English Anthropologist VIAF / ODNB Tylor would be acknowledged in the first volume of the OED for his assistance with words from American and African languages (Murray 1888: xii). However, he would fall out with Murray in 1892, after a public argument over the use of the word couvade to describe certain childbirth customs supposedly practised in provincial France (see Bailey 2000: 220–224).
Charles Anthony Vince male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 7 December 1855 Handsworth, Staffordshire, England 27 January 1929 Handsworth, Staffordshire, England English Headmaster of Mill Hill School (18861891)
William Walbran male correspondent (no letters in pilot) Clergyman
William Walsh male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 30 January 1841 Dublin, Ireland 9 April 1921 Dublin, Ireland Irish Archbishop of Dublin (18851921) VIAF
Prudence Elizabeth Frances Walter female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1859 Dublin, Ireland 1941 Dublin, Ireland
Edith Elizabeth Wardale female correspondent (no letters in pilot) 6 March 1863 Orcheston St Mary, Wiltshire, England 27 February 1943 Orcheston St Mary, Wiltshire, England English Literary scholar / Philologist VIAF / ODNB
Sir Thomas Herbert Warren male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 21 October 1853 Bristol, England 9 June 1930 Bristol, England English Classicist / President of Magdalen College (18851928) VIAF / ODNB
David McBurnie Watson male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1836/1837 Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland 18 September 1902 Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland English local historian
William Henry Wesley male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 23 August 1841 Stapenhill, Staffordshire, England 17 October 1922 Stapenhill, Staffordshire, England English Astronomer
Richard Francis Weymouth male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 26 October 1822 Plymouth, Devon, England 27 December 1902 Plymouth, Devon, England English Philologist / Theologian / Headmaster of Mill Hill School (18691886) VIAF / ODNB
Ralph Olmsted Williams male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1837/1838 17 July 1908 American Lexicographer
Dame Elizabeth Wordsworth female correspondent 22 June 1840 Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, England 30 November 1932 Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, England English Author / Founding Principal of Lady Margaret Hall (18791909) VIAF / ODNB
Jane F. Worthington female correspondent (no letters in pilot)
Elizabeth Mary Lea Wright female correspondent 10 October 1863 London, England 4 October 1958 London, England English Dialectologist / Folklorist / Philologist VIAF Lea, later Wright, entered Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, in 1887, where she attended Joseph Wright’s lectures. She later managed all the clerical labour on his major work, The English Dialect Dictionary, having married him in 1896. See further Wright (1932).
William Aldis Wright male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1 August 1831 Beccles, Suffolk, England 19 May 1914 Beccles, Suffolk, England English Literary scholar / Theologian VIAF / ODNB
Joseph Wright male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 31 October 1855 Thackley, Yorkshire, England 27 February 1930 Thackley, Yorkshire, England English Dialectologist / Philologist VIAF / ODNB Wright was the editor of The English Dialect Dictionary, the clerical work for which was undertaken by Elizabeth Wright (née Lea), whom he married in 1896. See further Wright (1932).
John Yeats male correspondent (no letters in pilot) 1822 14 June 1902 Historian of commerce VIAF / ODNB
Charlotte Mary Yonge female correspondent 11 August 1823 24 March 1901 Novelist VIAF / ODNB Highly regarded novelist, in later editions of the OED one of the most quoted female writers. ‘Sub-edited part of N, in collaboration with her cousin Henry Hucks Gibbs’ (Gilliver 2000–).